As a citizen, you might have come across certain legal terms that seem confusing or difficult to understand. However, it is essential to have a basic understanding of these legal terms to protect your rights and interests. Here are the most common legal terms that you should know.
1. Affidavit – An affidavit is a written statement made under oath or affirmation.
2. Bail – Bail is the amount of money paid to the court by a person accused of a crime to be released from custody, with the promise that they will attend court on the set date.
3. Defendant – In a legal case, the person or party accused or sued is referred to as the defendant.
4. Deposition – A deposition is a sworn out-of-court testimony given by a witness that can be used in court.
5. Discovery – Discovery refers to the pre-trial process where the parties in a lawsuit must provide each other with evidence and information about the case.
6. Injunction – An injunction is a court order restraining a person or party from doing certain acts.
7. Jurisdiction – Jurisdiction refers to the power or authority of a court to resolve a legal dispute over a particular matter.
8. Liabilities – Liabilities refer to the legal obligations and debts of a person or a business.
9. Plaintiff – The person or party who initiates a legal action or brings a case to court is called the plaintiff.
10. Statute – A statute is a law enacted by a legislative body.
11. Torts – A tort is a wrongful act that results in harm to another person or party and can be the basis of a civil lawsuit.
12. Trial – A trial is the judicial process conducted in court, where the parties present evidence and arguments in the presence of a judge or jury.
13. Verdict – A verdict is the final decision or outcome of a legal case after a trial or hearing.
Knowing these legal terms can help you understand legal proceedings and your rights in any legal matter. If you are faced with a legal issue, consult with a qualified attorney to guide you through the process.